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Prunus americana

Native Plum

Sloe Plum, Native American Plum, Wild Plum, Pottawattami Plum, Yellow Plum, Red Plum, River Plum, Ciruela
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Plant Facts

Scientific Name Prunus americana
Principal Common Name Native Plum
Common Name(s) Sloe Plum, Native American Plum, Wild Plum, Pottawattami Plum, Yellow Plum, Red Plum, River Plum, Ciruela
Description A multi-stemmed, shrubby, small tree with a spreading crown, reaching up to 20 feet tall with numerous rigid spiny branches; readily suckers from the roots. The fruit is an edible fleshy drupe, nearly round, 1 inch across, reddish purple to yellow-brown, some glaucous bloom, ripen in mid to late summer.
General Comments Although sometimes bitter, the fruit is used for making jelly and is eaten by many wildlife species.
Nativity North America
Height Range 15 - 20 FT
Spread Range 10 - 15 FT
Flower Showy Y
Sunset Zones 2 : 3 : 7 : 8 : 9 : 10 : 11 : 14 : 15 : 16 : 17 : 18 : 19 : 20 : 21 : 22 : 23
USDA Zones 3a : 3b : 4a : 4b : 5a : 5b : 6a : 6b : 7a : 7b : 8a : 8b
Leaf Color Medium Green
Leaf Texture Medium
Form Small Tree
Flower Color White
Flower Time Spring
Ease of Growing Easy
Light Preferences Sun (minimum 8 hours direct sun) : Part Sun
Soil Preferences Moist : Well-drained
Watering Preferences Medium : Sparse
Outstanding Features Attracts Bees : Attracts Birds : Container Plant : Edible : Flavor : Form : Fragrance

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