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General Information

Plant Care Instructions By Julie Bawden-Davis

This cabbage and broccoli relative features thick, smooth, edible leaves that grow in a loose rosette. The plant is a biennial, but often grown as an annual. It thrives in cool weather, at which point it tastes the best, especially if nipped by frost. The plant is also heat tolerant, however, and can be grown during warm months.. Reaches 2 1/2- to 3-feet-tall.

Is Indoor Plant?

No

These month by month plant care tasks are for plants in the following zones :
Sunset Zones : 22, 23, 24
USDA Zones : 10a, 10b
Web Link - For more information

Plant Care Instruction

  • Scroll down or click on any month for plant care instructions
    • January
    • February
    • March
    • April
    • May
    • June
    • July
    • August
    • September
    • October
    • November
    • December
    January
    1. Water

    Keep the soil moist but not soggy. Avoid letting plants dry out.
    2. Harvest

    Harvest leaves by removing them from the outside of the cluster.
    February
    1. Water

    Keep the soil moist but not soggy. Avoid letting plants dry out.
    2. Harvest

    Harvest leaves by removing them from the outside of the cluster.
    March
    1. Buy

    Buy seed or transplants from the nursery.
    2. Plant

    Plant transplants in a full sun or light shade location.
    3. Sow Seeds

    Sow seed outdoors in the ground or containers in a full sun or light shade location.
    4. Fertilize

    When planting, amend the soil with compost and an organic fertilizer containing nitrogen, such as a 10-10-10.
    5. Water

    Keep the soil moist but not soggy. Avoid letting plants dry out.
    6. Mulch

    Apply a 1- to 2-inch layer of shredded bark around the base of the plants once they are established and growing.
    7. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Check for aphids, caterpillars and worms.
    8. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water, and control caterpillars and worms by handpicking and/or using Bacillus thuringiensis.
    9. Transplant

    Transplant in a full sun or light shade location, burying the stem halfway.
    10. Harvest

    Harvest leaves by removing them from the outside of the cluster.
    April
    1. Buy

    Buy seed or transplants from the nursery.
    2. Plant

    Plant transplants in a full sun or light shade location.
    3. Sow Seeds

    Sow seed outdoors in the ground or containers in a full sun or light shade location.
    4. Fertilize

    Feed once with an organic fertilizer containing nitrogen, such as a 10-10-10.
    5. Water

    Keep the soil moist but not soggy. Avoid letting plants dry out.
    6. Mulch

    Apply a 1- to 2-inch layer of shredded bark around the base of the plants once they are established and growing.
    7. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Check for aphids, caterpillars and worms.
    8. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water, and control caterpillars and worms by handpicking and/or using Bacillus thuringiensis.
    9. Transplant

    Transplant in a full sun or light shade location, burying the stem halfway.
    10. Harvest

    Harvest leaves by removing them from the outside of the cluster.
    May
    1. Buy

    Buy seed or transplants from the nursery.
    2. Plant

    Plant transplants in a full sun or light shade location.
    3. Sow Seeds

    Sow seed outdoors in the ground or containers in a full sun or light shade location.
    4. Fertilize

    Feed once with an organic fertilizer containing nitrogen, such as a 10-10-10.
    5. Water

    Keep the soil moist but not soggy. Avoid letting plants dry out.
    6. Mulch

    Maintain a 1- to 2-inch layer of shredded bark around the base of the plants.
    7. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Check for aphids, caterpillars and worms.
    8. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water, and control caterpillars and worms by handpicking and/or using Bacillus thuringiensis.
    9. Transplant

    Transplant in a full sun or light shade location, burying the stem halfway.
    10. Harvest

    Harvest leaves by removing them from the outside of the cluster.
    June
    1. Fertilize

    Feed once with an organic fertilizer containing nitrogen, such as a 10-10-10.
    2. Water

    Keep the soil moist but not soggy. Avoid letting plants dry out.
    3. Mulch

    Maintain a 1- to 2-inch layer of shredded bark around the base of the plants.
    4. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Check for aphids, caterpillars and worms.
    5. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water, and control caterpillars and worms by handpicking and/or using Bacillus thuringiensis.
    6. Harvest

    Harvest leaves by removing them from the outside of the cluster.
    July
    1. Fertilize

    Feed once with an organic fertilizer containing nitrogen, such as a 10-10-10.
    2. Water

    Keep the soil moist but not soggy. Avoid letting plants dry out.
    3. Mulch

    Maintain a 1- to 2-inch layer of shredded bark around the base of the plants.
    4. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Check for aphids, caterpillars and worms.
    5. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water, and control caterpillars and worms by handpicking and/or using Bacillus thuringiensis.
    6. Harvest

    Harvest leaves by removing them from the outside of the cluster.
    August
    1. Water

    Keep the soil moist but not soggy. Avoid letting plants dry out.
    2. Mulch

    Maintain a 1- to 2-inch layer of shredded bark around the base of the plants.
    3. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Check for aphids, caterpillars and worms.
    4. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water, and control caterpillars and worms by handpicking and/or using Bacillus thuringiensis.
    5. Harvest

    Harvest leaves by removing them from the outside of the cluster.
    September
    1. Buy

    Buy seed or transplants from the nursery.
    2. Plant

    Plant transplants in a full sun or light shade location.
    3. Sow Seeds

    Sow seed outdoors in the ground or containers in a full sun or light shade location.
    4. Fertilize

    When planting, amend the soil with compost and an organic fertilizer containing nitrogen, such as a 10-10-10.
    5. Water

    Keep the soil moist but not soggy. Avoid letting plants dry out.
    6. Mulch

    Apply a 1- to 2-inch layer of shredded bark around the base of the plants once they are established and growing.
    7. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Check for aphids, caterpillars and worms.
    8. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water, and control caterpillars and worms by handpicking and/or using Bacillus thuringiensis.
    9. Transplant

    Transplant in a full sun or light shade location, burying the stem halfway.
    10. Harvest

    Harvest leaves by removing them from the outside of the cluster.
    October
    1. Buy

    Buy seed or transplants from the nursery.
    2. Plant

    Plant transplants in a full sun or light shade location.
    3. Sow Seeds

    Sow seed outdoors in the ground or containers in a full sun or light shade location.
    4. Fertilize

    When planting, amend the soil with compost and an organic fertilizer containing nitrogen, such as a 10-10-10.
    5. Water

    Keep the soil moist but not soggy. Avoid letting plants dry out.
    6. Mulch

    Apply a 1- to 2-inch layer of shredded bark around the base of the plants once they are established and growing.
    7. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Check for aphids, caterpillars and worms.
    8. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water, and control caterpillars and worms by handpicking and/or using Bacillus thuringiensis.
    9. Transplant

    Transplant in a full sun or light shade location, burying the stem halfway.
    10. Harvest

    Harvest leaves by removing them from the outside of the cluster.
    November
    1. Water

    Keep the soil moist but not soggy. Avoid letting plants dry out.
    2. Harvest

    Harvest leaves by removing them from the outside of the cluster.
    December
    1. Water

    Keep the soil moist but not soggy. Avoid letting plants dry out.
    2. Harvest

    Harvest leaves by removing them from the outside of the cluster.
  • Buy

    When's the best time to buy this plant? When can you buy these from seed (if you can)? When is it usually available? What are things to look for when you're buying it? Or anything other tidbit of information you can share!

    January

    Plant seed outdoors in the ground or containers in a full sun or light shade location.

    March

    Buy seed or transplants from the nursery.

    April

    Buy seed or transplants from the nursery.

    May

    Buy seed or transplants from the nursery.

    September

    Buy seed or transplants from the nursery.

    October

    Buy seed or transplants from the nursery.

    Plant

    When's a good time to plant this plant or bulb? Any special planting instructions?

    March

    Plant transplants in a full sun or light shade location.

    April

    Plant transplants in a full sun or light shade location.

    May

    Plant transplants in a full sun or light shade location.

    September

    Plant transplants in a full sun or light shade location.

    October

    Plant transplants in a full sun or light shade location.

    Sow Seeds

    When can you plant these seeds? When's the best time? Can you start them indoors and move them out? Do they have any special requirements?

    March

    Sow seed outdoors in the ground or containers in a full sun or light shade location.

    April

    Sow seed outdoors in the ground or containers in a full sun or light shade location.

    May

    Sow seed outdoors in the ground or containers in a full sun or light shade location.

    September

    Sow seed outdoors in the ground or containers in a full sun or light shade location.

    October

    Sow seed outdoors in the ground or containers in a full sun or light shade location.

    Fertilize

    When should you fertilize this plant? Which kind of fertilizer do you recommend? Should you use different fertilizers at different times of year?

    March

    When planting, amend the soil with compost and an organic fertilizer containing nitrogen, such as a 10-10-10.

    April

    Feed once with an organic fertilizer containing nitrogen, such as a 10-10-10.

    May

    Feed once with an organic fertilizer containing nitrogen, such as a 10-10-10.

    June

    Feed once with an organic fertilizer containing nitrogen, such as a 10-10-10.

    July

    Feed once with an organic fertilizer containing nitrogen, such as a 10-10-10.

    September

    When planting, amend the soil with compost and an organic fertilizer containing nitrogen, such as a 10-10-10.

    October

    When planting, amend the soil with compost and an organic fertilizer containing nitrogen, such as a 10-10-10.

    Water

    Is there a time to reduce or increase watering? Any special requirements? Things to avoid during certain times of the year?

    January

    Keep the soil moist but not soggy. Avoid letting plants dry out.

    February

    Keep the soil moist but not soggy. Avoid letting plants dry out.

    March

    Keep the soil moist but not soggy. Avoid letting plants dry out.

    April

    Keep the soil moist but not soggy. Avoid letting plants dry out.

    May

    Keep the soil moist but not soggy. Avoid letting plants dry out.

    June

    Keep the soil moist but not soggy. Avoid letting plants dry out.

    July

    Keep the soil moist but not soggy. Avoid letting plants dry out.

    August

    Keep the soil moist but not soggy. Avoid letting plants dry out.

    September

    Keep the soil moist but not soggy. Avoid letting plants dry out.

    October

    Keep the soil moist but not soggy. Avoid letting plants dry out.

    November

    Keep the soil moist but not soggy. Avoid letting plants dry out.

    December

    Keep the soil moist but not soggy. Avoid letting plants dry out.

    Mulch

    Does this plant need to be mulched? Are there specific types of Mulch which are better for this plant? How much?

    March

    Apply a 1- to 2-inch layer of shredded bark around the base of the plants once they are established and growing.

    April

    Apply a 1- to 2-inch layer of shredded bark around the base of the plants once they are established and growing.

    May

    Maintain a 1- to 2-inch layer of shredded bark around the base of the plants.

    June

    Maintain a 1- to 2-inch layer of shredded bark around the base of the plants.

    July

    Maintain a 1- to 2-inch layer of shredded bark around the base of the plants.

    August

    Maintain a 1- to 2-inch layer of shredded bark around the base of the plants.

    September

    Apply a 1- to 2-inch layer of shredded bark around the base of the plants once they are established and growing.

    October

    Apply a 1- to 2-inch layer of shredded bark around the base of the plants once they are established and growing.

    Pest/Disease Inspection

    What are the common problems this plant will face and when should you look for them to appear?

    March

    Check for aphids, caterpillars and worms.

    April

    Check for aphids, caterpillars and worms.

    May

    Check for aphids, caterpillars and worms.

    June

    Check for aphids, caterpillars and worms.

    July

    Check for aphids, caterpillars and worms.

    August

    Check for aphids, caterpillars and worms.

    September

    Check for aphids, caterpillars and worms.

    October

    Check for aphids, caterpillars and worms.

    Treat for Pest/Disease

    How do you treat the common problems for this plant? What products or concoctions or natural means do you use? Any special requirements?

    March

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water, and control caterpillars and worms by handpicking and/or using Bacillus thuringiensis.

    April

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water, and control caterpillars and worms by handpicking and/or using Bacillus thuringiensis.

    May

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water, and control caterpillars and worms by handpicking and/or using Bacillus thuringiensis.

    June

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water, and control caterpillars and worms by handpicking and/or using Bacillus thuringiensis.

    July

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water, and control caterpillars and worms by handpicking and/or using Bacillus thuringiensis.

    August

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water, and control caterpillars and worms by handpicking and/or using Bacillus thuringiensis.

    September

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water, and control caterpillars and worms by handpicking and/or using Bacillus thuringiensis.

    October

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water, and control caterpillars and worms by handpicking and/or using Bacillus thuringiensis.

    Transplant

    When's the best time to dig up and transplant this from one spot to another? (This is different than planting). Any special requirements?

    March

    Transplant in a full sun or light shade location, burying the stem halfway.

    April

    Transplant in a full sun or light shade location, burying the stem halfway.

    May

    Transplant in a full sun or light shade location, burying the stem halfway.

    September

    Transplant in a full sun or light shade location, burying the stem halfway.

    October

    Transplant in a full sun or light shade location, burying the stem halfway.

    Harvest

    When's a good time to harvest this plant? What's the best way to harvest? Are there special requirements or features?

    January

    Harvest leaves by removing them from the outside of the cluster.

    February

    Harvest leaves by removing them from the outside of the cluster.

    March

    Harvest leaves by removing them from the outside of the cluster.

    April

    Harvest leaves by removing them from the outside of the cluster.

    May

    Harvest leaves by removing them from the outside of the cluster.

    June

    Harvest leaves by removing them from the outside of the cluster.

    July

    Harvest leaves by removing them from the outside of the cluster.

    August

    Harvest leaves by removing them from the outside of the cluster.

    September

    Harvest leaves by removing them from the outside of the cluster.

    October

    Harvest leaves by removing them from the outside of the cluster.

    November

    Harvest leaves by removing them from the outside of the cluster.

    December

    Harvest leaves by removing them from the outside of the cluster.

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