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Some Help with Botanical Names 
If you're new to using botanical names there may be a few abbreviations you won't recognize, so here's a guide to help you. A special note - when searching our plant database you'll often see a plant name with a 'spp.' at the end, this means 'all of the species' in that genus. For instance, Salvia spp. means all Salvias. So if you're know your plant is a Salvia, but aren't sure which one, just use Salvia spp. as your reference, it will give you a good general overview of that plant group.

Plant Name Abbreviations

-         cv. - cultivar

-         sp. - species (singular)

-         spp. - species (plural)

-         ssp. - sub-species (singular)

-         sspp. - sub-species (plural)

-         var. - variety

-         x - sign for hybrid

-         + - sign for graft hybrid

 

-         cv. - A cultivar is a plant that can only be produced through cultivation, it does not occur naturally.

-         sp. - species (singular) A single species is a plant in a group of plants within a genus which have similar characteristics and are able to interbreed.

-         spp. - species (plural) Two or more plants of the same group of plants within a genus which have similar characteristics and are able to interbreed.

-         ssp. - sub-species (singular) A sub-species is a plant which has characteristics in common with other plants in the same species, but not with others in the species.

-         sspp. - sub-species (plural) Two or more plants which has characteristics in common with other plants in the same species, but not with others in the species.

-         var. - variety A plant which occurs naturally but which is selected for specific characteristics.

-         x - sign for hybrid  A plant which is crossbred from two or more selected species or genera.

-         + - sign for graft hybrid A plant which has had a hybrid scion grafted on its rootstock or branch.

 

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