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About the Author
John Noble
Owner Coastal Sage Gardening and Botany for kids. Specialize in drought-tolerant and native landscapes, and are experienced in all garden environments. We do custom design, installation, maintenance, irrigation, repair, labor, and consultation. At our shop we have classes, tutorial services, plant walks, plants, organic gardening supplies, and a reference library to guide and help you if you want to build your own garden.
Other Articles

Ocimum basilicum Plant Care Reminders

Basil , Basil, common basil, sweet basil

General Information

Click This Button To Use These Plant Care Reminders
Plant Care Instructions By John Noble

Basil is a deliciously fragrant herb. It is an easy to grow annual that should be planted in early spring and will usually produce and survive until hit with a frost, or extreme cold. Snails and slugs like it as much as humans, so young plants need protection or they will be devoured overnight.

Is Available At
Is Indoor Plant?

No

These month by month plant care tasks are for plants in the following zones :
Sunset Zones :23, 24
USDA Zones :10a, 10b
Web Link - For more information

Plant Care Instruction

  • Scroll down or click on any month for plant care instructions
    • March
    • April
    • May
    • June
    • July
    • August
    • September
    • October
    • November
    • December
    March
    1. Buy

    Buy seeds or starts this time of year.
    2. Plant

    Plant seeds or starts this time of year.
    3. Sow Seeds

    Direct sow seeds or start in pots anytime from March through June.
    4. Fertilize

    Lightly fertilize or add compost to soil every other month.
    5. Water

    Needs regular watering 2 or 3 times a week to get established.
    6. Protect

    Protect young plant from snails.
    7. Transplant

    Transplant young starts.
    April
    1. Buy

    Buy seeds or starts this time of year.
    2. Plant

    Plant seeds or starts this time of year.
    3. Sow Seeds

    Direct sow seeds or start in pots anytime from March through June.
    4. Water

    Needs regular watering 2 or 3 times a week to get established.
    5. Protect

    Protect young plant from snails.
    6. Transplant

    Transplant young starts.
    May
    1. Buy

    Buy seeds or starts this time of year.
    2. Plant

    Plant seeds or starts this time of year.
    3. Sow Seeds

    Direct sow seeds or start in pots anytime from March through June.
    4. Fertilize

    Lightly fertilize or add compost to soil every other month.
    5. Water

    Deep water established plants once or twice a week.
    6. Protect

    Protect young plant from snails.
    7. Transplant

    Transplant young starts.
    8. Harvest

    Harvest as needed.
    June
    1. Buy

    Buy seeds or starts this time of year.
    2. Plant

    Plant starts this time of year.
    3. Sow Seeds

    Direct sow seeds or start in pots anytime from March through June.
    4. Water

    Deep water established plants once or twice a week.
    5. Mulch

    Lightly mulch with organic compost.
    6. Protect

    Protect young plant from snails.
    7. Transplant

    Transplant young starts.
    8. Harvest

    Harvest as needed.
    July
    1. Buy

    Buy seeds or starts this time of year.
    2. Plant

    Plant starts this time of year.
    3. Fertilize

    Lightly fertilize or add compost to soil every other month.
    4. Water

    Deep water established plants once or twice a week.
    5. Mulch

    Lightly mulch with organic compost.
    6. Transplant

    Transplant young starts.
    7. Harvest

    Harvest as needed.
    August
    1. Water

    Deep water established plants once or twice a week.
    2. Mulch

    Lightly mulch with organic compost.
    3. Transplant

    Transplant young starts.
    4. Harvest

    Harvest as needed.
    September
    1. Fertilize

    Lightly fertilize or add compost to soil every other month.
    2. Water

    Deep water established plants once or twice a week.
    3. Mulch

    Lightly mulch with organic compost.
    4. Transplant

    Transplant young starts.
    5. Harvest

    Harvest as needed.
    October
    1. Water

    Deep water established plants once or twice a week.
    2. Harvest

    Harvest as needed.
    November
    1. Water

    Deep water established plants once or twice a week.
    2. Harvest

    Harvest as needed.
    December
    1. Harvest

    Harvest as needed.
  • Buy

    When's the best time to buy this plant? When can you buy these from seed (if you can)? When is it usually available? What are things to look for when you're buying it? Or anything other tidbit of information you can share!

    January

    Buy seeds or starts this time of year.

    February

    Buy seeds or starts this time of year.

    March

    Buy seeds or starts this time of year.

    April

    Buy seeds or starts this time of year.

    May

    Buy seeds or starts this time of year.

    June

    Buy seeds or starts this time of year.

    July

    Buy seeds or starts this time of year.

    November

    Buy seeds or starts this time of year.

    December

    Buy seeds or starts this time of year.

    Plant

    When's a good time to plant this plant or bulb? Any special planting instructions?

    January

    Plant seeds or starts this time of year.

    February

    Plant seeds or starts this time of year.

    March

    Plant seeds or starts this time of year.

    April

    Plant seeds or starts this time of year.

    May

    Plant seeds or starts this time of year.

    June

    Plant starts this time of year.

    July

    Plant starts this time of year.

    November

    Plant seeds or starts this time of year.

    December

    Plant seeds or starts this time of year.

    Sow Seeds

    When can you plant these seeds? When's the best time? Can you start them indoors and move them out? Do they have any special requirements?

    January

    Direct sow seeds or start in pots anytime November through March.

    February

    Direct sow seeds or start in pots anytime November through March.

    March

    Direct sow seeds or start in pots anytime from March through June.

    April

    Direct sow seeds or start in pots anytime from March through June.

    May

    Direct sow seeds or start in pots anytime from March through June.

    June

    Direct sow seeds or start in pots anytime from March through June.

    November

    Direct sow seeds or start in pots anytime November through March.

    December

    Direct sow seeds or start in pots anytime November through March.

    Fertilize

    When should you fertilize this plant? Which kind of fertilizer do you recommend? Should you use different fertilizers at different times of year?

    March

    Lightly fertilize or add compost to soil every other month.

    May

    Lightly fertilize or add compost to soil every other month.

    July

    Lightly fertilize or add compost to soil every other month.

    September

    Lightly fertilize or add compost to soil every other month.

    Water

    Is there a time to reduce or increase watering? Any special requirements? Things to avoid during certain times of the year?

    January

    Fairly drought tolerant, needs occassional watering only if extended dry period.

    February

    Fairly drought tolerant, needs occassional watering only if extended dry period.

    March

    Needs regular watering 2 or 3 times a week to get established.

    April

    Needs regular watering 2 or 3 times a week to get established.

    May

    Deep water established plants once or twice a week.

    June

    Deep water established plants once or twice a week.

    July

    Deep water established plants once or twice a week.

    August

    Deep water established plants once or twice a week.

    September

    Deep water established plants once or twice a week.

    October

    Deep water established plants once or twice a week.

    November

    Deep water established plants once or twice a week.

    December

    Fairly drought tolerant, needs occassional watering only if extended dry period.

    Prune

    When's a good time to prune this plant? How about deadheading, pinching back, trimming or any other grooming? Any special requirements?

    May

    Harvest as needed.

    June

    Harvest as needed.

    July

    Harvest as needed.

    August

    Harvest as needed.

    September

    Harvest as needed.

    October

    Harvest as needed.

    November

    Harvest as needed.

    December

    Harvest as needed.

    Mulch

    Does this plant need to be mulched? Are there specific types of Mulch which are better for this plant? How much?

    January

    Mulch lightly with organic mulch.

    February

    Mulch lightly with organic mulch.

    March

    Mulch lightly with organic mulch.

    June

    Lightly mulch with organic compost.

    July

    Lightly mulch with organic compost.

    August

    Lightly mulch with organic compost.

    September

    Lightly mulch with organic compost.

    Protect

    When and how should you protect this plant from birds, deer, rabbits? Does this plant need be covered, or wrapped or painted or moved?

    March

    Protect young plant from snails.

    April

    Protect young plant from snails.

    May

    Protect young plant from snails.

    June

    Protect young plant from snails.

    Transplant

    When's the best time to dig up and transplant this from one spot to another? (This is different than planting). Any special requirements?

    March

    Transplant young starts.

    April

    Transplant young starts.

    May

    Transplant young starts.

    June

    Transplant young starts.

    July

    Transplant young starts.

    August

    Transplant young starts.

    September

    Transplant young starts.

    Harvest

    When's a good time to harvest this plant? What's the best way to harvest? Are there special requirements or features?

    January

    Harvest leaves and flowers whenever you need them.

    February

    Harvest leaves and flowers whenever you need them.

    March

    Harvest leaves and flowers whenever you need them.

    April

    Harvest leaves and flowers whenever you need them.

    May

    Harvest as needed.

    June

    Harvest as needed.

    July

    Harvest as needed.

    August

    Harvest as needed.

    September

    Harvest as needed.

    October

    Harvest as needed.

    November

    Harvest as needed.

    December

    Harvest as needed.

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