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General Information

Plant Care Instructions By Julie Bawden-Davis

Green beans are annual and perennial vegetable plants that produce edible beans in pods. The plants grow in the warm-season, from late spring and throughout summer. Main varieties of beans include bush and pole beans. Beans can be eaten fresh, and some varieties can be dried and cooked.

Is Indoor Plant?

No

These month by month plant care tasks are for plants in the following zones :
Sunset Zones : 22, 23, 24
USDA Zones : 10a, 10b
Web Link - For more information

Plant Care Instruction

  • Scroll down or click on any month for plant care instructions
    • March
    • April
    • May
    • June
    • July
    • August
    March
    1. Buy

    Buy plants and seeds if available at the garden center or via mail-order.
    2. Sow Seeds

    Sow seed indoors for planting outside next month once the plant has two sets of true leaves. Use a loose seed-starting mix and plant seed 1-inch deep. Moisten soil well prior to planting and refrain from watering again until seedlings emerge. Place in a sunny window once seedlings germinate.
    3. Special requirements

    Beans are shallow-rooted, so avoid cultivating around the root zone.
    April
    1. Buy

    Buy plants and seeds if available at the garden center or via mail-order.
    2. Plant

    Plant in a full-sun location with loose, well-draining soil.
    3. Sow Seeds

    Sow seed indoors for planting outside after mid-month once the plant has two sets of true leaves. Use a loose seed-starting mix and plant seed 1-inch deep. Moisten soil well prior to planting and refrain from watering again until seedlings emerge. Place in a sunny window once seedlings germinate. Sow seed outdoors in a full-sun location starting mid-month. Plant seed 1-inch deep in a loose, well-draining soil. Moisten the planting area well before planting and then refrain from watering again until seedlings emerge.
    4. Fertilize

    Feed once with an all-purpose, organic vegetable fertilizer when plants begin actively growing.
    5. Water

    Keep young bean plants evenly moist but not soggy. Mature bean plants can tolerate some dry conditions but require even moisture when they flower and form pods.
    6. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Check for aphids, cucumber beetles and giant whitefly.
    7. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Control aphids by applying a strong spray of water to plants. Repeat once or twice a day until the aphids are gone. Especially heavy infestations of giant whitefly can also be controlled with a strong spray of water. Whiteflies attract a beneficial parasitic wasp that will also destroy them, which is why it's preferable that you don't use any insecticides on the plants, but instead wait for the biological control to do its work. Cucumber beetles do the most damage feeding on young leaves, so cover plants with row cover to keep off the beetles until the plants are more mature.
    8. Transplant

    Transplant plants grown indoors last month outdoors in a full-sun location with loose, well-draining soil.
    9. Special requirements

    Beans are shallow-rooted, so avoid cultivating around the root zone.
    May
    1. Buy

    Buy plants and seeds if available at the garden center or via mail-order.
    2. Plant

    Plant in a full-sun location with loose, well-draining soil.
    3. Sow Seeds

    Sow seed outdoors in a full-sun location, planting 1-inch deep in a loose, well-draining soil. Moisten the planting area well before planting and then refrain from watering again until seedlings emerge.
    4. Fertilize

    Feed once with an all-purpose, organic vegetable fertilizer when plants begin actively growing. Fertilize a second time when plants start producing pods.
    5. Water

    Keep young bean plants evenly moist but not soggy. Mature bean plants can tolerate some dry conditions but require even moisture when they flower and form pods.
    6. Mulch

    Mulch around the root zone with a 1-inch layer of shredded bark.
    7. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Check for aphids, cucumber beetles and giant whitefly.
    8. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Control aphids by applying a strong spray of water to plants. Repeat once or twice a day until the aphids are gone. Especially heavy infestations of giant whitefly can also be controlled with a strong spray of water. Whiteflies attract a beneficial parasitic wasp that will also destroy them, which is why it's preferable that you don't use any insecticides on the plants, but instead wait for the biological control to do its work. Cucumber beetles do the most damage feeding on young leaves, so cover plants with row cover to keep off the beetles until the plants are more mature.
    9. Harvest

    Pick bean pods when the seed starts to swell slightly and they are bright green. Harvest regularly. Avoid letting the pods mature on the plant, as it will stop bearing.
    10. Special requirements

    Beans are shallow-rooted, so avoid cultivating around the root zone.
    June
    1. Buy

    Buy plants and seeds if available at the garden center or via mail-order.
    2. Plant

    Plant in a full-sun location with loose, well-draining soil.
    3. Sow Seeds

    Sow seed outdoors in a full-sun location, planting 1-inch deep in a loose, well-draining soil. Moisten the planting area well before planting and then refrain from watering again until seedlings emerge.
    4. Fertilize

    Feed once with an all-purpose, organic vegetable fertilizer when plants begin actively growing. Fertilize a second time when plants start producing pods.
    5. Water

    Keep young bean plants evenly moist but not soggy. Mature bean plants can tolerate some dry conditions but require even moisture when they flower and form pods.
    6. Mulch

    Maintain mulch around the root zone with a 1-inch layer of shredded bark.
    7. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Check for aphids,. cucumber beetles and giant whitefly.
    8. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Control aphids by applying a strong spray of water to plants. Repeat once or twice a day until the aphids are gone. Especially heavy infestations of giant whitefly can also be controlled with a strong spray of water. Whiteflies attract a beneficial parasitic wasp that will also destroy them, which is why it's preferable that you don't use any insecticides on the plants, but instead wait for the biological control to do its work. Cucumber beetles do the most damage feeding on young leaves, so cover plants with row cover to keep off the beetles until the plants are more mature.
    9. Harvest

    Pick bean pods when the seed starts to swell slightly and they are bright green. Harvest regularly. Avoid letting the pods mature on the plant, as it will stop bearing.
    10. Special requirements

    Beans are shallow-rooted, so avoid cultivating around the root zone.
    July
    1. Fertilize

    Fertilize with an all-purpose vegetable fertilizer when plants start producing pods.
    2. Water

    Keep young bean plants evenly moist but not soggy. Mature bean plants can tolerate some dry conditions but require even moisture when they flower and form pods.
    3. Mulch

    Maintain mulch around the root zone with a 1-inch layer of shredded bark.
    4. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Check for aphids, cucumber beetles and giant whitefly.
    5. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Control aphids by applying a strong spray of water to plants. Repeat once or twice a day until the aphids are gone. Especially heavy infestations of giant whitefly can also be controlled with a strong spray of water. Whiteflies have a natural predatory parasitic wasp that will also destroy them, which is why it's preferable that you don't use any insecticides on the plants, but instead wait for the biological control to do its work. Cucumber beetles do the most damage feeding on young leaves, so cover plants with row cover to keep off the beetles until the plants are more mature.
    6. Harvest

    Pick bean pods when the seed starts to swell slightly and they are bright green. Harvest regularly. Avoid letting the pods mature on the plant, as it will stop bearing.
    7. Special requirements

    Beans are shallow-rooted, so avoid cultivating around the root zone.
    August
    1. Fertilize

    Fertilize with an all-purpose vegetable fertilizer when plants start producing pods.
    2. Water

    Keep young bean plants evenly moist but not soggy. Mature bean plants can tolerate some dry conditions but require even moisture when they flower and form pods.
    3. Mulch

    Maintain mulch around the root zone with a 1-inch layer of shredded bark.
    4. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Check for aphids, cucumber beetles and giant whitefly.
    5. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Control aphids by applying a strong spray of water to plants. Repeat once or twice a day until the aphids are gone. Especially heavy infestations of giant whitefly can also be controlled with a strong spray of water. Whiteflies attract a beneficial parasitic wasp that will also destroy them, which is why it's preferable that you don't use any insecticides on the plants, but instead wait for the biological control to do its work. Cucumber beetles do the most damage feeding on young leaves, so cover plants with row cover to keep off the beetles until the plants are more mature.
    6. Harvest

    Pick bean pods when the seed starts to swell slightly and they are bright green. Harvest regularly. Avoid letting the pods mature on the plant, as it will stop bearing.
    7. Special requirements

    Beans are shallow-rooted, so avoid cultivating around the root zone.
  • Buy

    When's the best time to buy this plant? When can you buy these from seed (if you can)? When is it usually available? What are things to look for when you're buying it? Or anything other tidbit of information you can share!

    March

    Buy plants and seeds if available at the garden center or via mail-order.

    April

    Buy plants and seeds if available at the garden center or via mail-order.

    May

    Buy plants and seeds if available at the garden center or via mail-order.

    June

    Buy plants and seeds if available at the garden center or via mail-order.

    Plant

    When's a good time to plant this plant or bulb? Any special planting instructions?

    April

    Plant in a full-sun location with loose, well-draining soil.

    May

    Plant in a full-sun location with loose, well-draining soil.

    June

    Plant in a full-sun location with loose, well-draining soil.

    Sow Seeds

    When can you plant these seeds? When's the best time? Can you start them indoors and move them out? Do they have any special requirements?

    March

    Sow seed indoors for planting outside next month once the plant has two sets of true leaves. Use a loose seed-starting mix and plant seed 1-inch deep. Moisten soil well prior to planting and refrain from watering again until seedlings emerge. Place in a sunny window once seedlings germinate.

    April

    Sow seed indoors for planting outside after mid-month once the plant has two sets of true leaves. Use a loose seed-starting mix and plant seed 1-inch deep. Moisten soil well prior to planting and refrain from watering again until seedlings emerge. Place in a sunny window once seedlings germinate.

    Sow seed outdoors in a full-sun location starting mid-month. Plant seed 1-inch deep in a loose, well-draining soil. Moisten the planting area well before planting and then refrain from watering again until seedlings emerge.

    May

    Sow seed outdoors in a full-sun location, planting 1-inch deep in a loose, well-draining soil. Moisten the planting area well before planting and then refrain from watering again until seedlings emerge.

    June

    Sow seed outdoors in a full-sun location, planting 1-inch deep in a loose, well-draining soil. Moisten the planting area well before planting and then refrain from watering again until seedlings emerge.

    Fertilize

    When should you fertilize this plant? Which kind of fertilizer do you recommend? Should you use different fertilizers at different times of year?

    April

    Feed once with an all-purpose, organic vegetable fertilizer when plants begin actively growing.

    May

    Feed once with an all-purpose, organic vegetable fertilizer when plants begin actively growing. Fertilize a second time when plants start producing pods.

    June

    Feed once with an all-purpose, organic vegetable fertilizer when plants begin actively growing. Fertilize a second time when plants start producing pods.

    July

    Fertilize with an all-purpose vegetable fertilizer when plants start producing pods.

    August

    Fertilize with an all-purpose vegetable fertilizer when plants start producing pods.

    Water

    Is there a time to reduce or increase watering? Any special requirements? Things to avoid during certain times of the year?

    April

    Keep young bean plants evenly moist but not soggy. Mature bean plants can tolerate some dry conditions but require even moisture when they flower and form pods.

    May

    Keep young bean plants evenly moist but not soggy. Mature bean plants can tolerate some dry conditions but require even moisture when they flower and form pods.

    June

    Keep young bean plants evenly moist but not soggy. Mature bean plants can tolerate some dry conditions but require even moisture when they flower and form pods.

    July

    Keep young bean plants evenly moist but not soggy. Mature bean plants can tolerate some dry conditions but require even moisture when they flower and form pods.

    August

    Keep young bean plants evenly moist but not soggy. Mature bean plants can tolerate some dry conditions but require even moisture when they flower and form pods.

    Mulch

    Does this plant need to be mulched? Are there specific types of Mulch which are better for this plant? How much?

    May

    Mulch around the root zone with a 1-inch layer of shredded bark.

    June

    Maintain mulch around the root zone with a 1-inch layer of shredded bark.

    July

    Maintain mulch around the root zone with a 1-inch layer of shredded bark.

    August

    Maintain mulch around the root zone with a 1-inch layer of shredded bark.

    Pest/Disease Inspection

    What are the common problems this plant will face and when should you look for them to appear?

    April

    Check for aphids, cucumber beetles and giant whitefly.

    May

    Check for aphids, cucumber beetles and giant whitefly.

    June

    Check for aphids,. cucumber beetles and giant whitefly.

    July

    Check for aphids, cucumber beetles and giant whitefly.

    August

    Check for aphids, cucumber beetles and giant whitefly.

    Treat for Pest/Disease

    How do you treat the common problems for this plant? What products or concoctions or natural means do you use? Any special requirements?

    April

    Control aphids by applying a strong spray of water to plants. Repeat once or twice a day until the aphids are gone. Especially heavy infestations of giant whitefly can also be controlled with a strong spray of water. Whiteflies attract a beneficial parasitic wasp that will also destroy them, which is why it's preferable that you don't use any insecticides on the plants, but instead wait for the biological control to do its work. Cucumber beetles do the most damage feeding on young leaves, so cover plants with row cover to keep off the beetles until the plants are more mature.

    May

    Control aphids by applying a strong spray of water to plants. Repeat once or twice a day until the aphids are gone. Especially heavy infestations of giant whitefly can also be controlled with a strong spray of water. Whiteflies attract a beneficial parasitic wasp that will also destroy them, which is why it's preferable that you don't use any insecticides on the plants, but instead wait for the biological control to do its work. Cucumber beetles do the most damage feeding on young leaves, so cover plants with row cover to keep off the beetles until the plants are more mature.

    June

    Control aphids by applying a strong spray of water to plants. Repeat once or twice a day until the aphids are gone. Especially heavy infestations of giant whitefly can also be controlled with a strong spray of water. Whiteflies attract a beneficial parasitic wasp that will also destroy them, which is why it's preferable that you don't use any insecticides on the plants, but instead wait for the biological control to do its work. Cucumber beetles do the most damage feeding on young leaves, so cover plants with row cover to keep off the beetles until the plants are more mature.

    July

    Control aphids by applying a strong spray of water to plants. Repeat once or twice a day until the aphids are gone. Especially heavy infestations of giant whitefly can also be controlled with a strong spray of water. Whiteflies have a natural predatory parasitic wasp that will also destroy them, which is why it's preferable that you don't use any insecticides on the plants, but instead wait for the biological control to do its work. Cucumber beetles do the most damage feeding on young leaves, so cover plants with row cover to keep off the beetles until the plants are more mature.

    August

    Control aphids by applying a strong spray of water to plants. Repeat once or twice a day until the aphids are gone. Especially heavy infestations of giant whitefly can also be controlled with a strong spray of water. Whiteflies attract a beneficial parasitic wasp that will also destroy them, which is why it's preferable that you don't use any insecticides on the plants, but instead wait for the biological control to do its work. Cucumber beetles do the most damage feeding on young leaves, so cover plants with row cover to keep off the beetles until the plants are more mature.

    Transplant

    When's the best time to dig up and transplant this from one spot to another? (This is different than planting). Any special requirements?

    April

    Transplant plants grown indoors last month outdoors in a full-sun location with loose, well-draining soil.

    Harvest

    When's a good time to harvest this plant? What's the best way to harvest? Are there special requirements or features?

    May

    Pick bean pods when the seed starts to swell slightly and they are bright green. Harvest regularly. Avoid letting the pods mature on the plant, as it will stop bearing.

    June

    Pick bean pods when the seed starts to swell slightly and they are bright green. Harvest regularly. Avoid letting the pods mature on the plant, as it will stop bearing.

    July

    Pick bean pods when the seed starts to swell slightly and they are bright green. Harvest regularly. Avoid letting the pods mature on the plant, as it will stop bearing.

    August

    Pick bean pods when the seed starts to swell slightly and they are bright green. Harvest regularly. Avoid letting the pods mature on the plant, as it will stop bearing.

    Special requirements

    Any other requirement for this plant? Is there anything that doesn't fit into the other care categories?

    March

    Beans are shallow-rooted, so avoid cultivating around the root zone.

    April

    Beans are shallow-rooted, so avoid cultivating around the root zone.

    May

    Beans are shallow-rooted, so avoid cultivating around the root zone.

    June

    Beans are shallow-rooted, so avoid cultivating around the root zone.

    July

    Beans are shallow-rooted, so avoid cultivating around the root zone.

    August

    Beans are shallow-rooted, so avoid cultivating around the root zone.

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