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General Information

Plant Care Instructions By Julie Bawden-Davis

Long-lived large shrubs or small trees grown for their thick-petaled, eye-catching flowers. Plants have deep-green leaves and generally bloom for one to two months sometime from November through April, depending on the variety. Plant flowers during dormancy. Provide a location with morning sun and afternoon shade that is not regularly hit by winds.

Is Indoor Plant?

No

These month by month plant care tasks are for plants in the following zones :
Sunset Zones : 22, 23, 24
USDA Zones :
Web Link - For more information

Plant Care Instruction

  • Scroll down or click on any month for plant care instructions
    • January
    • February
    • March
    • April
    • May
    • June
    • July
    • August
    • September
    • October
    • November
    • December
    January
    1. Buy

    Buy when plant is in bloom so you can choose the desired flower color.
    2. Plant

    Plant during dormancy. Scrape the top 2-inch layer of soil off and discard before planting, as this may harbor petal blight.
    3. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Check for petal blight characterized by premature browning of flowers.
    4. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Remove and dispose of diseased flowers on tree and clear all fallen buds from ground. Remove mulch and replace with a 2-inch layer of fresh mulch. Keep area clear of fallen flowers.
    5. Transplant

    Transplant during dormancy. Scrape the top layer of soil off and discard before planting, as this may harbor petal blight.
    February
    1. Buy

    Buy when plant is in bloom so you can choose the desired flower color.
    2. Plant

    Plant during dormancy. Scrape the top 2-inch layer of soil off and discard before planting, as this may harbor petal blight.
    3. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Check for petal blight characterized by premature browning of flowers.
    4. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Remove and dispose of diseased flowers on tree and clear all fallen buds from ground. Remove mulch and replace with a 2-inch layer of fresh mulch. Keep area clear of fallen flowers.
    5. Transplant

    Transplant during dormancy. Scrape the top layer of soil off and discard before planting, as this may harbor petal blight.
    March
    1. Buy

    Buy when plant is in bloom so you can choose the desired flower color.
    2. Plant

    Plant during dormancy in a well-draining soil. Scrape the top layer of soil off and discard before planting, as this may harbor petal blight.
    3. Mulch

    Add a fresh 2-inch layer of mulch to soil surrounding the plant.
    4. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Check for petal blight characterized by premature browning of flowers.
    5. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Remove and dispose of diseased flowers on tree and clear all fallen buds from ground. Remove mulch and replace with a 2-inch layer of fresh mulch. Keep area clear of fallen flowers.
    6. Transplant

    Transplant during dormancy. Scrape the top 2-inch layer of soil off and discard before planting, as this may harbor petal blight.
    April
    1. Buy

    Buy when plant is in bloom so you can choose the desired flower color.
    2. Fertilize

    Feed every 4 to 6 weeks with a half-strength solution of an organic acid plant food. Plants are sensitive to overfeeding.
    3. Water

    Water young plants when the top 4 to 6 inches of soil has dried. Avoid overwatering. Established plants five years or older can get by on little to no supplemental watering.
    4. Mulch

    Add a fresh 2-inch layer of mulch to soil surrounding the plant, if not done in prior month.
    5. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Check for petal blight characterized by premature browning of flowers.
    6. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Remove and dispose of diseased flowers on tree and clear all fallen buds from ground. Remove mulch and replace with a 2-inch layer of fresh mulch. Keep area clear of fallen flowers.
    May
    1. Fertilize

    Feed every 4 to 6 weeks with a half-strength solution of an organic acid plant food. Plants are sensitive to overfeeding.
    2. Water

    Water young plants when the top 4 to 6 inches of soil has dried. Avoid overwatering. Established plants five years or older can get by on little to no supplemental watering.
    3. Prune

    Prune right after flowering. Avoid cutting back branches later in the season, as you may remove flower buds. When pruning, cut out any crossing or dead stems.
    4. Mulch

    Add a fresh 2-inch layer of mulch to soil surrounding the plant, if not done in prior month.
    June
    1. Fertilize

    Feed every 4 to 6 weeks with a half-strength solution of an organic acid plant food. Plants are sensitive to overfeeding.
    2. Water

    Water young plants when the top 4 to 6 inches of soil has dried. Avoid overwatering. Established plants five years or older can get by on little to no supplemental watering.
    3. Prune

    Prune right after flowering. Avoid cutting back branches later in the season, as you may remove flower buds. When pruning, cut out any crossing or dead stems.
    July
    1. Fertilize

    Feed every 4 to 6 weeks with a half-strength solution of an organic acid plant food. Plants are sensitive to overfeeding.
    2. Water

    Water young plants when the top 4 to 6 inches of soil has dried. Avoid overwatering. Established plants five years or older can get by on little to no supplemental watering.
    3. Prune

    Prune right after flowering. Avoid cutting back branches later in the season, as you may remove flower buds. When pruning, cut out any crossing or dead stems.
    August
    1. Fertilize

    Feed every 4 to 6 weeks with a half-strength solution of an organic acid plant food. Plants are sensitive to overfeeding.
    2. Water

    Water young plants when the top 4 to 6 inches of soil has dried. Avoid overwatering. Established plants five years or older can get by on little to no supplemental watering.
    September
    1. Plant

    Plant during dormancy in a well-draining soil. Scrape the top 2-inch layer of soil off and discard before planting, as this may harbor petal blight.
    2. Water

    Water young plants when the top 4 to 6 inches of soil has dried. Avoid overwatering. Established plants five years or older can get by on little to no supplemental watering.
    3. Transplant

    Transplant during dormancy. Scrape the top 2-inch layer of soil off and discard before planting, as this may harbor petal blight.
    October
    1. Plant

    Plant during dormancy in a well-draining soil. Scrape the top 2-inch layer of soil off and discard before planting, as this may harbor petal blight.
    2. Water

    Water young plants when the top 4 to 6 inches of soil has dried. Avoid overwatering. Established plants five years or older can get by on little to no supplemental watering.
    3. Transplant

    Transplant during dormancy. Scrape the top 2-inch layer of soil off and discard before planting, as this may harbor petal blight.
    November
    1. Buy

    Buy when plant is in bloom so you can choose the desired flower color.
    2. Plant

    Plant during dormancy in a well-draining soil. Scrape the top 2-inch layer of soil off and discard before planting, as this may harbor petal blight.
    3. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Check for petal blight characterized by premature browning of flowers.
    4. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Remove and dispose of diseased flowers on tree and clear all fallen buds from ground. Remove mulch and replace with a 2-inch layer of fresh mulch. Keep area clear of fallen flowers.
    5. Transplant

    Transplant during dormancy. Scrape the top 2-inch layer of soil off and discard before planting, as this may harbor petal blight.
    December
    1. Buy

    Buy when plant is in bloom so you can choose the desired flower color.
    2. Plant

    Plant during dormancy in a well-draining soil. Scrape the top 2-inch layer of soil off and discard before planting, as this may harbor petal blight.
    3. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Check for petal blight characterized by premature browning of flowers.
    4. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Remove and dispose of diseased flowers on tree and clear all fallen buds from ground. Remove mulch and replace with a 2-inch layer of fresh mulch. Keep area clear of fallen flowers.
    5. Transplant

    Transplant during dormancy. Scrape the top 2-inch layer of soil off and discard before planting, as this may harbor petal blight.
  • Buy

    When's the best time to buy this plant? When can you buy these from seed (if you can)? When is it usually available? What are things to look for when you're buying it? Or anything other tidbit of information you can share!

    January

    Buy when plant is in bloom so you can choose the desired flower color.

    February

    Buy when plant is in bloom so you can choose the desired flower color.

    March

    Buy when plant is in bloom so you can choose the desired flower color.

    April

    Buy when plant is in bloom so you can choose the desired flower color.

    November

    Buy when plant is in bloom so you can choose the desired flower color.

    December

    Buy when plant is in bloom so you can choose the desired flower color.

    Plant

    When's a good time to plant this plant or bulb? Any special planting instructions?

    January

    Plant during dormancy. Scrape the top 2-inch layer of soil off and discard before planting, as this may harbor petal blight.

    February

    Plant during dormancy. Scrape the top 2-inch layer of soil off and discard before planting, as this may harbor petal blight.

    March

    Plant during dormancy in a well-draining soil. Scrape the top layer of soil off and discard before planting, as this may harbor petal blight.

    September

    Plant during dormancy in a well-draining soil. Scrape the top 2-inch layer of soil off and discard before planting, as this may harbor petal blight.

    October

    Plant during dormancy in a well-draining soil. Scrape the top 2-inch layer of soil off and discard before planting, as this may harbor petal blight.

    November

    Plant during dormancy in a well-draining soil. Scrape the top 2-inch layer of soil off and discard before planting, as this may harbor petal blight.

    December

    Plant during dormancy in a well-draining soil. Scrape the top 2-inch layer of soil off and discard before planting, as this may harbor petal blight.

    Fertilize

    When should you fertilize this plant? Which kind of fertilizer do you recommend? Should you use different fertilizers at different times of year?

    April

    Feed every 4 to 6 weeks with a half-strength solution of an organic acid plant food. Plants are sensitive to overfeeding.

    May

    Feed every 4 to 6 weeks with a half-strength solution of an organic acid plant food. Plants are sensitive to overfeeding.

    June

    Feed every 4 to 6 weeks with a half-strength solution of an organic acid plant food. Plants are sensitive to overfeeding.

    July

    Feed every 4 to 6 weeks with a half-strength solution of an organic acid plant food. Plants are sensitive to overfeeding.

    August

    Feed every 4 to 6 weeks with a half-strength solution of an organic acid plant food. Plants are sensitive to overfeeding.

    Water

    Is there a time to reduce or increase watering? Any special requirements? Things to avoid during certain times of the year?

    April

    Water young plants when the top 4 to 6 inches of soil has dried. Avoid overwatering. Established plants five years or older can get by on little to no supplemental watering.

    May

    Water young plants when the top 4 to 6 inches of soil has dried. Avoid overwatering. Established plants five years or older can get by on little to no supplemental watering.

    June

    Water young plants when the top 4 to 6 inches of soil has dried. Avoid overwatering. Established plants five years or older can get by on little to no supplemental watering.

    July

    Water young plants when the top 4 to 6 inches of soil has dried. Avoid overwatering. Established plants five years or older can get by on little to no supplemental watering.

    August

    Water young plants when the top 4 to 6 inches of soil has dried. Avoid overwatering. Established plants five years or older can get by on little to no supplemental watering.

    September

    Water young plants when the top 4 to 6 inches of soil has dried. Avoid overwatering. Established plants five years or older can get by on little to no supplemental watering.

    October

    Water young plants when the top 4 to 6 inches of soil has dried. Avoid overwatering. Established plants five years or older can get by on little to no supplemental watering.

    Prune

    When's a good time to prune this plant? How about deadheading, pinching back, trimming or any other grooming? Any special requirements?

    May

    Prune right after flowering. Avoid cutting back branches later in the season, as you may remove flower buds. When pruning, cut out any crossing or dead stems.

    June

    Prune right after flowering. Avoid cutting back branches later in the season, as you may remove flower buds. When pruning, cut out any crossing or dead stems.

    July

    Prune right after flowering. Avoid cutting back branches later in the season, as you may remove flower buds. When pruning, cut out any crossing or dead stems.

    Mulch

    Does this plant need to be mulched? Are there specific types of Mulch which are better for this plant? How much?

    March

    Add a fresh 2-inch layer of mulch to soil surrounding the plant.

    April

    Add a fresh 2-inch layer of mulch to soil surrounding the plant, if not done in prior month.

    May

    Add a fresh 2-inch layer of mulch to soil surrounding the plant, if not done in prior month.

    Pest/Disease Inspection

    What are the common problems this plant will face and when should you look for them to appear?

    January

    Check for petal blight characterized by premature browning of flowers.

    February

    Check for petal blight characterized by premature browning of flowers.

    March

    Check for petal blight characterized by premature browning of flowers.

    April

    Check for petal blight characterized by premature browning of flowers.

    November

    Check for petal blight characterized by premature browning of flowers.

    December

    Check for petal blight characterized by premature browning of flowers.

    Treat for Pest/Disease

    How do you treat the common problems for this plant? What products or concoctions or natural means do you use? Any special requirements?

    January

    Remove and dispose of diseased flowers on tree and clear all fallen buds from ground. Remove mulch and replace with a 2-inch layer of fresh mulch. Keep area clear of fallen flowers.

    February

    Remove and dispose of diseased flowers on tree and clear all fallen buds from ground. Remove mulch and replace with a 2-inch layer of fresh mulch. Keep area clear of fallen flowers.

    March

    Remove and dispose of diseased flowers on tree and clear all fallen buds from ground. Remove mulch and replace with a 2-inch layer of fresh mulch. Keep area clear of fallen flowers.

    April

    Remove and dispose of diseased flowers on tree and clear all fallen buds from ground. Remove mulch and replace with a 2-inch layer of fresh mulch. Keep area clear of fallen flowers.

    October

    Remove and dispose of diseased flowers on tree, and clear all fallen buds from ground. Remove mulch and replace with a 3-inch layer of fresh mulch. Keep area clear of fallen flowers.

    November

    Remove and dispose of diseased flowers on tree and clear all fallen buds from ground. Remove mulch and replace with a 2-inch layer of fresh mulch. Keep area clear of fallen flowers.

    December

    Remove and dispose of diseased flowers on tree and clear all fallen buds from ground. Remove mulch and replace with a 2-inch layer of fresh mulch. Keep area clear of fallen flowers.

    Transplant

    When's the best time to dig up and transplant this from one spot to another? (This is different than planting). Any special requirements?

    January

    Transplant during dormancy. Scrape the top layer of soil off and discard before planting, as this may harbor petal blight.

    February

    Transplant during dormancy. Scrape the top layer of soil off and discard before planting, as this may harbor petal blight.

    March

    Transplant during dormancy. Scrape the top 2-inch layer of soil off and discard before planting, as this may harbor petal blight.

    September

    Transplant during dormancy. Scrape the top 2-inch layer of soil off and discard before planting, as this may harbor petal blight.

    October

    Transplant during dormancy. Scrape the top 2-inch layer of soil off and discard before planting, as this may harbor petal blight.

    November

    Transplant during dormancy. Scrape the top 2-inch layer of soil off and discard before planting, as this may harbor petal blight.

    December

    Transplant during dormancy. Scrape the top 2-inch layer of soil off and discard before planting, as this may harbor petal blight.

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