f8fdefbd221bc34b0821dad6859ba0b6

Orchids are as easy as A - B - C!

Always wait until the bark or moss is completely dry before watering.

Be sure to keep your orchid out of direct sunlight.

Confidence that you will be successful! orchids are easy to care for.

The Oncidium genus is very diverse and includes many orchids from widely varying habitats with different cultural needs.  This genus originates in the New World, from southern Mexico to tropical South America and even the Caribbean. Oncidium flowers resemble flamenco dancers with the wide ruffled skirt. Sometimes the flowers are called dancing ladies. Because of the great variety, these plants can be small or large, the flowers can be red, pink, purple, yellow or white or any combination of these colors.  Leaf texture and shape also vary significantly from smooth and thin to thick and leathery.

oncidiumLight

Oncidiums prefer bright light.  If your plant is kept inside, make sure that is has a good light source. An eastern, western or southern exposure is ideal. A plant that has the adequate amount of light will have bright green foliage. If the leaves are dark green, it is receiving too little light, while if the leaves have a reddish color this can be an indication of too much light.

Temperature

Oncidiums like night time temperatures between 55-60 F. During the day they like it to be between 75-80 F.

Oncidiums can withstand temperatures up to 90-95 F.   It  is important to remember that if the temperatures gets high, you should increase the humidity, water and air circulation around the plant.

Water

This element is the one that causes the most confusion among orchid lovers. Over watering is the number one killer of orchids.  Oncidiums need to moderately dry out before watering. Oncidiums have water storage bulbs; therefore they do not need to be watered as often as the Phalaenopsis.

Frequency of watering depends on the climate and potting medium.  During the winter months the plant can be watered less, while during the summer months the frequency of watering will naturally increase.

The quality of the water used is also of some importance.  Orchids prefer rainwater; they really do not like water that has a lot of chemicals, such as chlorine or salt from water softeners. If your water is heavily treated, you might consider buying some distilled or purified water, although catching your own rainwater can be fun and will give you a great sense of satisfaction!

Water your plant early in the day and at the base of the plant to prevent moisture from settling on the plant over night.  This will lead to root rot, crown rot and other diseases.

Furniture friendly pots, those without drainage, are designed to protect your furniture from moisture and soil.  However, these pots require close monitoring when it comes to watering your orchid. A simple and effective approach is to “water” your plant by placing about 5 ice cubes on the bark about once a week.

Humidity

Oncidiums need 55% to 75% humidity. This element works in conjunction with the other care elements mentioned. If the temperature is hot and dry, you might need to place the orchids on a tray with gravel that has water on the bottom. Never let the pots sit in water as this will cause root rot. On days of high humidity make sure there is good air circulation around your plants. Do not expose the plant to cold drafts.

Feeding

Orchids flower best and are at their healthiest when fertilized on a regular basis during their active growing season. Use a well balanced formulation such as 10-10-10 or a ratio that is similar. It is common practice to feed twice a month.

These numbers correspond to the ratio of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) in the fertilizer. These elements are responsible for vegetative growth, flower development and flower production, respectively.

Repotting

These orchids should be repotted about every 24 months. It all depends on how much the growing media has decomposed. It is recommended that they are repotted after the flowing is completed. You may use fine to medium orchid bark.  When transferring the plant be very careful not to damage any part of the plant, especially the delicate new roots. In selecting the correct pot you want to make sure that it has adequate drainage and aeration.

To repot, remove the old medium from the roots, trim soft, rotted roots. Spread the remaining roots over a couple of cups of medium in the bottom of a new pot. Fill the rest of the pot with medium, anchoring the plant with orchid pins if necessary. Allow for high humidity conditions after repotting. Mist as needed. Regular watering should resume after you see new roots forming.

Costa Farms is the largest producer of indoor plants in North America and the second largest in the world. Founded in 1961 by Jose Costa, the third-generation family business specializes in foliage and bedding plants with operations domestically in South Florida, North Carolina, and abroad in the Dominican Republic and Costa Rica. Visit: www.costafarms.com.


Plant Care Reminders

Gardenia jasminoidis Monthly Plant Care
Shrubs Julie Bawden-Davis

Gardenia - Everblooming (Gardenia jasminoidis) - Monthly Plant Care Calendar

You can have these monthly Plant Care Reminders sent directly to you each month!
Kangaroo Paw Monthly Plant Care
Perennials Steve Brigham

Anigozanthos (Kangaroo Paw) - Monthly Plant Care Calendar

You can have these monthly Plant Care Reminders sent directly to you each month!

Rose (Rosa hybrid 'Home Run') - Monthly…

30843 Proven Winners
Rose Monthly Plant Care Midwest
You can have these monthly Plant Care Reminders sent directly to you each month!

Heuchera spp. (Alumroot) - Monthly…

7476 Steve Brigham
Heuchera spp Monthly Plant Care
You can have these monthly Plant Care Reminders sent directly to you each month!

Bamboo - Hedge (Bambusa multiplex) -…

47808 Walter Andersen Nursery
Hedge Bamboo Monthly Plant Care
You can have these monthly Plant Care Reminders sent directly to you each month!

Gardening Articles

Bulbs, Rhizomes & Corms Crossword Puzzle
Crossword Puzzles Garry Shirts

Puzzle #6 - Bulbs, Rhizomes & Corms

Print this and take a few minutes and have some fun trying to figure this crossword puzzle out. Let us know if you have any suggestions for new puzzles. Be sure not to peek!
Hydrangeas
Seasonal Gardening Ron Vanderhoff

April is an Active Time in Local Gardens

I suspect that April might be the busiest month of the year for most local gardeners.

Rhonda Fleming Hayes - Midwest

19019
Region: Midwest

Larry Moskovitz - Southwest

14754
Larry Moscovitz
Region: Southwest

Do These Six Things to Keep Indoor Plants Healthy During Winter

3557
Six things for your indoor plants during winter
Winter has hit southern California along with the rest of the U.S. No polar vortex here,…

Plant Recommendations

Ceanothus Carmel Creeper

California Native Groundcovers - Southern California

Greg Rubin's Top Plant Recommendation: Favorite California Native Groundcovers.
C.L. Fornari

Low-Maintenance Perennials - Northeast

C.L. Fornari's Top Plant Recommendation: Favorite Low-Maintenance Perennials for the Northeast States (USDA Zones 5-9).

Ivies for Small Moss Filled Topiary -…

11584 Pat Hammer
Hedera helix 'Lady Frances'
Pat Hammer's Top Plant Recommendation: Favorite Ivies for Small Moss Filled Topiary in…

Flowering Perennials - Southern…

13394 Tiger Palafox
Euphorbia 'Diamond Frost'
Tiger Palafox's Top Plant Recommendation: Favorite Flowering Perennials for Southern…

The Grand Old Dames of the South

3842 Kate Copsey
Tea Olive
Each fall, northern gardeners start talking about putting their gardens to bed for the…

Featured Plant Care

Easter Egg Plant Plant Care

Solanum melongena var. ovigerum (Easter Egg Plant) - Monthly Plant Care Calendar

You can have these monthly Plant Care Reminders sent directly to you each month!
Fig Monthly Plant Care

Fig Tree (Ficus carica) - Monthly Plant Care Calendar

in Edibles
You can have these monthly Plant Care Reminders sent directly to you each month!
Gardenia jasminoidis Monthly Plant Care

Gardenia - Everblooming (Gardenia jasminoidis) - Monthly Plant Care Calendar

in Shrubs
You can have these monthly Plant Care Reminders sent directly to you each month!

Latest Articles

Peach Leaf Curl

Peach Leaf Curl - Information Hub

Peach leaf curl is a common problem found on leaves of Peaches and Nectarines (and their…
Avocado Information Hub

Avocado - Growing and Plant Care Information Hub

in Edibles
We're bringing relevant information about Avocados (Persea americana) to one fantastic…

Popular Articles

Using the Mulch for Home Gardeners

Home Gardener: Using All The Great Features on the Mulch

You Can Use The Great Features on the Mulch For Free!
Baseball Field Maintenance

Baseball Field Maintenance - A General Guide for Fields of All Levels

in Lawn
More great baseball field resources can be found here (including a pdf version of this…
Queen Palm Care & Use

The Queen Palm (Syagrus romanzoffiana) Care & Use

in Trees
Jungle Music Palms and Cycads is a family owned and operated business established in 1977
Microgreens

What are Microgreens and How to Grow Them

in Edibles
Microgreens are tiny leafed vegetables that are grown from seed and require very little…

User Guides (Slide)

Popular Recommendations (Slide)