Citrus sinensis (Sweet Oranges) - Monthly Plant Care Calendar

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Click This Button To Use These Plant Care Reminders Go to your My Plant Care page to see what you should be doing in your garden this month! Scroll down or click on any month for plant care instructions:
January- February- March- April- May- June- July- August- September- October- November- December
Citrus sinensis
Orange tree
Sweet orange, navel orange
Plant Care Instructions By Steve Brigham
Gardeners in Southrern California enjoy one of the finest climates in North America for growing subtropical plants, including most varieties of citrus trees. With the right choice of varieties, you can pick such favorites as lemons, limes, and oranges nearly year \'round in this mild climate.
These month by month plant care tasks are for plants in the following zones:
Sunset Zones : 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
USDA Zones   :
Web Link - For more information
VIEW BY MONTH  VIEW BY TASK
January
Water

Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.

Protect

Protect from heavy frost should it occur.

Harvest

If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won't ripen off the tree, so don't pick fruit until fully ripe.

February
Water

Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.

Protect

Protect from heavy frost should it occur.

Harvest

If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won't ripen off the tree, so don't pick fruit until fully ripe.

March
Buy

Buy plants in containers. Choose healthy plants with lots of new growth.

Plant

Plant in well-drained soil in full sun, using a generous amount of soil amendment. Never plant where drainage is poor.

Fertilize

Feed with a fertilizer specially formulated for citrus.

Water

Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.

Mulch

Maintain a generous layer of mulch to conserve water use and keep roots evenly moist.

Pest/Disease Inspection

Inspect leaves and branches for pests such as aphids, mealybug, and scale. Check for snails.

Treat for Pest/Disease

Discourage pests with a strong spray of water directed at the foliage. Control snails.

Harvest

If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won't ripen off the tree, so don't pick fruit until fully ripe.

April
Buy

Buy plants in containers. Choose healthy plants with lots of new growth.

Plant

Plant in well-drained soil in full sun, using a generous amount of soil amendment. Never plant where drainage is poor.

Water

Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.

Pest/Disease Inspection

Inspect leaves and branches for pests such as aphids, mealybug, and scale. Check for snails.

Treat for Pest/Disease

Discourage pests with a strong spray of water directed at the foliage. Control snails.

Harvest

If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won't ripen off the tree, so don't pick fruit until fully ripe.

May
Buy

Buy plants in containers. Choose healthy plants with lots of new growth.

Plant

Plant in well-drained soil in full sun, using a generous amount of soil amendment. Never plant where drainage is poor.

Water

Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.

Prune

Prune to shape only.

Pest/Disease Inspection

Inspect leaves and branches for pests such as aphids, mealybug, and scale. Check for snails.

Treat for Pest/Disease

Discourage pests with a strong spray of water directed at the foliage. Control snails.

Harvest

If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won't ripen off the tree, so don't pick fruit until fully ripe.

June
Buy

Buy plants in containers. Choose healthy plants with lots of new growth.

Plant

Plant in well-drained soil in full sun, using a generous amount of soil amendment. Never plant where drainage is poor.

Fertilize

Feed with a fertilizer specially formulated for citrus.

Water

Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.

Mulch

Maintain a generous layer of mulch to conserve water use and keep roots evenly moist.

Pest/Disease Inspection

Inspect leaves and branches for pests such as aphids, mealybug, and scale. Check for snails.

Treat for Pest/Disease

Discourage pests with a strong spray of water directed at the foliage. Control snails.

Harvest

If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won't ripen off the tree, so don't pick fruit until fully ripe.

July
Buy

Buy plants in containers. Choose healthy plants with lots of new growth.

Plant

Plant in well-drained soil in full sun, using a generous amount of soil amendment. Never plant where drainage is poor.

Water

Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.

Pest/Disease Inspection

Inspect leaves and branches for pests such as aphids, mealybug, and scale. Check for snails.

Treat for Pest/Disease

Discourage pests with a strong spray of water directed at the foliage. Control snails.

Harvest

If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won't ripen off the tree, so don't pick fruit until fully ripe.

August
Buy

Buy plants in containers. Choose healthy plants with lots of new growth.

Plant

Plant in well-drained soil in full sun, using a generous amount of soil amendment. Never plant where drainage is poor.

Water

Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.

Pest/Disease Inspection

Inspect leaves and branches for pests such as aphids, mealybug, and scale. Check for snails.

Treat for Pest/Disease

Discourage pests with a strong spray of water directed at the foliage. Control snails.

Harvest

If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won't ripen off the tree, so don't pick fruit until fully ripe.

September
Buy

Buy plants in containers. Choose healthy plants with lots of new growth.

Plant

Plant in well-drained soil in full sun, using a generous amount of soil amendment. Never plant where drainage is poor.

Fertilize

Feed with a fertilizer specially formulated for citrus.

Water

Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.

Prune

Prune to shape only.

Mulch

Maintain a generous layer of mulch to conserve water use and keep roots evenly moist.

Pest/Disease Inspection

Inspect leaves and branches for pests such as aphids, mealybug, and scale. Check for snails.

Treat for Pest/Disease

Discourage pests with a strong spray of water directed at the foliage. Control snails.

Harvest

If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won't ripen off the tree, so don't pick fruit until fully ripe.

October
Water

Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.

Pest/Disease Inspection

Inspect leaves and branches for pests such as aphids, mealybug, and scale. Check for snails.

Treat for Pest/Disease

Discourage pests with a strong spray of water directed at the foliage. Control snails.

Harvest

If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won't ripen off the tree, so don't pick fruit until fully ripe.

November
Water

Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.

Protect

Protect from heavy frost should it occur.

Harvest

If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won't ripen off the tree, so don't pick fruit until fully ripe.

December
Water

Water larger trees regularly but deeply during dry periods, soaking the soil out past the drip-line. Young plants should be kept evenly moist at all times. Be consistent with watering for best fruiting.

Protect

Protect from heavy frost should it occur.

Harvest

If you plant both navel and valencia types, you can harvest sweet oranges from mature trees most of the year. Remember that the fruit won't ripen off the tree, so don't pick fruit until fully ripe.

Winter
Spring
Summer
Fall
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